＜What’s Edo Culture? Here are some tips for the answer.＞
“EDO” is the former name of Tokyo. In fact, Kyoto was the center of political power based on the emperor in ancient Japan. In 1192, “buke-seiji” (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) centered upon the samurai was established, by Minamoto Yoritomo. The administration under the control of samurai is called, “bakufu”. Minamoto Yoritomo established bakufu (Kamakura-Bakufu) in Kamakura. After Osaka-Bakufu, administrated by Toyotomi Hideyoshi, the bakufu returned to Kyoto. In 1603, the new bakufu was established in Edo (present Tokyo) by Tokugawa Ieyasu. Along with Kyoto and Osaka (Kansai region), which were the center of Japanese culture, another Japanese culture was newly born in Edo. Edo-Bakufu (Tokugawa-Bakufu) lasted 265 years, which is said to be the longest years in history, among all the buke (samurai) authorities. The period when the Tokugawa family dominated from the first generation to the 15th, which they are proud of, is called the “Edo period” in Japanese history. Edo used to be the largest city in the world, at that time. How did samurai, or people live their lives back then? How was Tokugawa family’s authority? Let’s discover some historical spots which still remain in Tokyo! We’ll show you some aspects that you don’t know yet!
▼Kōkyo: Tokyo Imperial Palace (Edo-jō : Edo Castle)http://sankan.kunaicho.go.jp/english/index.html
The residence of the shogun and location of the shogunate turned into Kōkyo: Tokyo Imperial Palace (literally, “Imperial Residence”), in October, 1868. After that, it has continued with Emperor Meiji, the Emperor Taisho, Emperor Showa, and up to the Emperor Heisei today. Kōkyo has been the center of Japanese political power since Edo up to present Tokyo.
【Address】1-1 Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo
Approximately 200m (5 minute walk) from Ote-mon Station (C13a Exit) of each subway line
Approximately 700m (10 minute walk) from Nijuubashi-mae Station (No.6 Exit) of Chiyoda-line of subway
Approximately 1,000m (15 minute walk) from Tokyo Station (Marunouchi North Exit) of the JR
(The source of references・photo references / Kōkyo Official Homepage)
Edo-Tokyo Museum opened its doors on March 28, 1993, as a place to look back over the history and culture of Edo-Tokyo and see into the city of the future. (The source of the references: “Overview” of the website) The building looked over from Ryogoku Station is so characteristic that you can’t miss it!
【Address】1-4-1 Yokoami Sumida-ku, Tokyo
【Tel】03-3626-9974 (main line ※9:00am~5:30pm)
【Open Hours】9:30am~5:30pm (Saturdays: 9:30am~7:30pm)
Please enter before 5:00pm. (Saturdays: ~7:00pm)
※Please leave thirty minutes before it’s closed.
【Holiday】Mondays / the New Year’s Holiday (December 29th ~ January 4th) ※Check more details on the closed day calendar.
【Access】Approximately a 3 minute walk from Ryōgoku Station (Nishi-guchi [West] Exit) of Soubu-line, the JR
Approximately a 1 minute walk from Ryōgoku Station (Edo-Tokyo Museum mae) [A4 Exit] of Oedo-line, the Toei metropolitan subway
▼ Ryōgoku Kokugikan and Sumo Museum
“Ryōgoku Kokugikan・Japan Sumo Association” http://www.sumo.or.jp/en/index
Ryōgoku Kokugikan is a sports hall, where the Grand sumo tournament (Tokyo-basho), which is Japan’s national sport, takes place. There are some facilities in the hall, as below. Also, it provides a Sumo Museum inside the hall, and you can discover the history of sumo, gazing at all the displays such as famous grand champions, yokozuna’s “keshou-mawashi” (an ornamental apron).
You can also enjoy watching some sumo tournaments in Ryōgoku Kokugikan and listening to the FM broadcasting originally provided in Kokugikan. They offer three kinds of channels, “Dosukoi FM”, NHK Ozumo relay broadcasting in Japanese and in English.
【Address】1-3-28 Yokoami Sumida-ku, Tokyo
【Access】Approximately a 2 minute walk from Ryōgoku Station (Nishi-guchi [West] Exit) of Soubu-line, the JR
Approximately a 5 minute walk from Ryōgoku Station of Oedo-line, the Toei metropolitan subway
【Sumo Museum】Precious sources or items are being displayed, such as “watae” (a color print), “byoubu” (a folding screen) and “keshou-mawashi” (an ornamental apron), since Edo period up to now. Open from 9:00am and close at 6:00pm. The entrance fee is free. (Please note that when the tournament is being held, only the paying customers can enter.)
(The source of references・photo references / Japan Sumo Association Official Homepage)
▼ Kabuki-za and Kabuki-za Gallery
Kabuki-za opened in Kobiki-cho, on November 21, 1889.
Even though the external appearance design was western-style, the internal designs were all built with hinoki (Japanese cypress) wooden structure, including the stage and the passageway to the stage. Since it was opened, it’s been famous for the principal theater for the traditional kabuki drama. The performances collected with “chic” are shown on the stage, as classical drama of Japan.
In the Kabuki-za Gallery, you will be able to discover a lot of pleasure hidden in the true Kabuki-za! You can also enjoy gazing at various displays such as the stage costumes and the stage equipment.
【Address】4-12-15 Ginza Chuo-ku, Tokyo
【Tel】03-3545-6800 (main line)
【Open Hours of Kabuki-za Gallery】10:00am ~ 6:00pm (Please enter by 5:30pm.)
【Holiday of Kabuki-za Gallery】the New Year’s Holiday (December 27th ~ January 1st), Displays replacement time (including during the exposition)
【Access】Higashi (east) Ginza Station (No.3 Exit) of Hibiya-line, Tokyo metropolitan subway, and Asakura-line, Toei metropolitan subway
Approximately a 5 minute walk from Ginza Station (A7 Exit) of Ginza-line, Marunouchi-line, Hibiya-line, Tokyo metropolitan subway
(The source of references・photo references / Kabuki-za Official Homepage)